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Optimize attorney billable hours

Lawyers Against Unbillable Hours: Joshua Lennon Maximizes Attorney Billable Hours

Efficiently manage your billable hours as an attorney with our expert tips and strategies.

13 min


Apr 29, 2024
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For any attorney, it's frustrating to focus fully on practical legal work while constantly feeling pulled by unnecessary administrative burdens that eat into both billable hours and quality of life. All those non-revenue generating tasks like timesheets, invoices, and calendaring seriously hamper the ability to earn a living doing what truly drives you - helping clients. 

Our guest on the podcast, Joshua Lennon from Clio, is out to solve this problem today. As the VP of Marketing for one of the leading legal practice management software providers, Joshua understands the struggle lawyers face balancing client demands and business operations. He knows firsthand how easy it is to lose an hour or more daily to activities without financial benefit.

In this intriguing podcast, Joshua unlocks the secrets to maximizing billable hours. Discover how busy attorneys are leveraging optimized processes and automation to gain an extra 2-3 hours per week (which can be used for billables or a better work-life balance). Also, don't miss the podcast episode "The Must-Know Numbers To Grow Your Law Firm" with Ryan Kimler, Net Profit CFO.

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What Are Billable Hours for Lawyers?

A billable hour is an hour you spend putting work into a legal project for which you can charge your client.

The hours that are considered ‘billable' are those that generate revenue for the business through work. The monetary rate at which attorney work hours for lawyers are charged is negotiated with the client beforehand.

Some of the most common examples of activities that are billable to clients include:

  • Planning legal strategies
  • Remote meetings
  • Revisions
  • Drafting and filing required documentation
  • Gathering relevant evidence
  • Conducting research
  • Correspondence with clients or other communication related to cases
  • Any miscellaneous work related to a legal project

However, not every hour of work that attorneys do qualifies as billable. This is important since non-billable hours cannot be charged to a specific client. Non-billable hours may include work to build your client base or promote your business.

Some of the most typical tasks that result in non-billable hours for attorneys include:

  • Marketing your office or firm
  • Handling internal communications
  • Professional development hours
  • Meetings with your staff and co-workers
  • Handling issues related to the business structure
  • Administrative tasks
  • Drafting or presenting business strategy proposals
  • Activities to get legal clients
lawyer billable hours

How to Increase Attorney Billable Hours: Best Practices

Joshua Lennon outlined his three-point strategy for immediately boosting billables upon purchasing a small firm.

1. Thoroughly Review Existing Clients:

Joshua's approach begins by reviewing existing clients to identify untapped opportunities for more repetitive and referral business. Leveraging current satisfied customers is easier than acquiring new ones.

2. Analyze Lawyer Productivity:

The next crucial step is analyzing lawyer productivity with respect to hours billed and meaningful case outcomes achieved. Joshua emphasizes identifying process bottlenecks and automating routine tasks, allowing attorneys to focus more on practical legal work.

3. Review Accounts Receivable:

Finally, Joshua recommends reviewing accounts receivable to ensure adequate compensation for work. Take a close look at outstanding balances and their nature. Implement financial tools and strategies to overcome obstacles and improve cash flow.

In addition to Lennon's strategy, here are some additional tips to increase attorney billable hours further and boost law firm profitability.

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— Establish a ‘Billable Hour' Policy

In many law firms, attorneys are expected to bill a certain number of hours daily, weekly, or monthly. One way to increase law firm billable hours is to establish a ‘billable hour' policy.

Under this policy, attorneys would be expected to track their time in increments of 15 minutes (or whatever the firm deems appropriate). They would then bill for those increments, even if they only worked for a few minutes. For example, if an attorney tracked their time and saw that they worked on a particular project for 20 minutes, they would bill for 30 minutes.

— One Thing at a Time

Problems arise when legal professionals are hyper-focused on a particular project. This is a normal part of any workflow and is to be expected. However, avoiding these employees flooding their supervisors with questions and requests is important. Too much time spent answering questions can lead to dips in productivity

One important strategy for minimizing this issue is allowing employees to submit queries and issues early in the workday. Set a specific time for the submission of problems or challenges. Upper-level employees can then address each problem on their own. 

— Stay Focused

Have you noticed that your firm's non-billable hours are too high and your billable hours are too low? If this happens, it is important to investigate how much time you or your employees spend on low-value jobs and tasks. 

In addition to unproductive priorities, distractions and procrastination can cost you dearly. It is critical to remove any potential distractions from the workplace. This is especially true during hours that should be billable. 

Staying focused on the important activities that bring in revenue is critical. Working in teams can also help reduce procrastination since individuals are much more susceptible to distractions.

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— Keep Track in Real-Time

Do not attempt to determine attorney billable hours only in the aftermath of a project's conclusion. In other words, track your billable and non-billable hours as they happen.

track attorney billable hours

After time passes, it can become challenging to remember what happened during specific work hours. And whether the task was billable to a client—attempting to rely on memory, days or weeks after the fact, can result in inaccuracies. 

This may cause incorrect invoices. It may also result in your firm missing out on valuable revenue.

— Perform Billable Hours Audit

As any law firm knows, billable hours are the bread and butter of the operation. If attorneys aren't billing hours, the firm isn't making money. That's why ensuring every billable hour is documented correctly and accounted for is important.

Go through the documentation for a certain period of time and ensure that all of the hours billed are accurate. If you find that there are discrepancies in the billable hours, you can take steps to correct them. This might involve training attorneys on how to document their time better or changing how the firm tracks billable hours.

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— Provide Detailed Reports

Failing to provide clients with a clear description of why they are being charged could result in disputes. Billing and invoice disputes cause your business to waste valuable time and evident frustrations and inconveniences. Ensuring that your billing descriptions are complete and thorough will decrease client complaints. 

For example, suppose you spent an hour on a phone call with a client. Many attorneys would include the description of a ‘one-hour phone call' on the client's invoice. Instead, provide a brief description of the content and importance of the call. Detailed legal billing reports also ensure you recover money for all calculated billable hours.

Additionally, law firms must effectively generate new client interest. In a 2018 secret shopper experiment across 1,000 firms, over half didn’t respond to a new business inquiry in their practice area. Of those that did respond, only 2 firms fully answered questions about their expertise, next steps, fees, and more. Law firms that improve intake processes and communications will be better positioned to convert prospects to clients and increase billable hours. 

While technology enables widespread access to services supporting client engagement, many law firms remain surprisingly unresponsive to potential new business opportunities. Simply answering phones promptly and having a clear new client process would give firms an edge over the nearly 99% of those studied that failed to respond to new business opportunities effectively.

Check out our blog post on the top law firms billing software to enhance your payment processes!

— Tracking Non-Billable Hours as Well

It is important to keep a record of your firm's billable hours. This is how you ensure that your revenue genuinely reflects your employees' work. However, it is also crucial to monitor your non-billable hours. Non-billable activities can drastically decrease your billable work hours.

tracking work hours for lawyers

Tracking these tasks will help you find non-billable activities that can be automated or delegated more productively. As such, monitoring your firm's number of non-billable work hours can ensure you are as profitable as possible.

Increasing the total billable hours each day or week is vital. You should use billable hours for necessary tasks and projects.

— Automate Non-Billable Work If Possible

Your firm or practice can increase your revenue drastically by automating some non-billable workflows. Tracking lawyers' billable hours and task management are two important elements of automation. 

Automating many non-billable jobs in your law practice allows you to increase your total number of billable hours. It is much more useful to spend an hour on a client's case rather than spend that same time manually completing job duties. 

Using billing hours calculators is a useful way to decrease your non-billable work and increase the accuracy of your invoices and billing. Many digital timers can be integrated into other business-related software.

Calculating Attorney Billable Hours with a Chart

A billable hours chart can provide an overview of all the billable tasks that need to be addressed and how long each should take. This allows attorneys to quickly see how much time they spend on a given case and ensure they stay within their client's budget and are not being overcharged for any services.

You can use a billable hours chart to calculate whether attorneys meet billable hours targets at a glance. However, it might be difficult for rookie attorneys or legal clerks to understand that most law firms bill in six-minute increments (or one-tenth of an hour).

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Attorney Billable Hours Chart Example

The table below shows a chart for calculating billable hours.

Time Spent (Minutes) Billing Increments (Tenths of an Hour)
1-6 0.1
7-12 0.2
13-18 0.3
19-24 0.4
25-30 0.5
31-36 0.6
37-42 0.7
43-48 0.8
49-54 0.9
55-60 1.0

How to Use an Attorney Billable Hours Chart

We will give two instances of using both billable hours, as shown in the table above

  • If you spend 38 minutes preparing legal paperwork, simply trace the column for 'Time Spent (Minutes)' down until you reach the period that contains 37 minutes. So that's the row with 37-42 minutes. Then, follow that row across to obtain 0.7. So you'll bill 0.7 hours for the time you spent writing.
  • If you spend 2 hours and 30 minutes interviewing your clients to get their side of the story and develop a draft to work with, you'll bill 2.5. That's 2.0 for two hours and 0.5 for 30 minutes (half an hour).

Attorney Billable Hours Calculators and Software

While identifying billable time is usually straightforward, accurately tracking and invoicing those hours is challenging. Thankfully, many kinds of software can assist you in keeping track of your practice's billable hours.

Building Billable Chart Hours in Excel

Excel is a good billable hours law firm tool for tracking and managing billable chart hours. You can easily track how long they spend on specific tasks, such as research, interviews, writing legal documents, and appearing in court. With its easy-to-use spreadsheet format, Excel makes it simple to record and analyze data related to the amount of time spent on each task or project. It is suitable for multiple clients or projects.

What is billable hours chart
Keeping track of billable hours in Excel example

Additionally, Excel's graphing capabilities enable users to visualize their data in order to identify trends and uncover insights. You may automatically calculate the sum of all your input with the help of built-in functions, eliminating the need for manual computation. 

To get started,

  • Open up a new Excel workbook and enter the data for your projects, including dates, client or project name, hours, hourly rate, and total and additional data. 
  • Use the built-in features of Excel, such as sorting and filtering, to quickly view the data and make adjustments as needed. 
  • Create a billable hours chart and graph to visualize your progress once you have entered all the project data. With these visuals, you can more easily spot any problem areas or opportunities for improvement. 


Clio screenshot
Clio homepage

Clio is a comprehensive legal practice management software that helps streamline administrative tasks and increase productivity for attorneys. With Clio, you can efficiently manage your cases, track billable hours, generate invoices, and analyze financial performance. It integrates with other tools, making keeping all your data in one place easy. Clio is recognized for saving attorneys one to two hours daily on administrative work.


Asana is a software application that enables teams to monitor, manage, and organize their tasks. It integrates with various business-related applications, creating a functional hub for your cases. Asana has several features that make it an excellent alternative for lawyers searching for a tool to calculate billable hours.

Asana software
Asana homepage

Some features that make Asana a great choice for attorneys include the ability to create and manage projects, a variety of templates to help you get started, the ability to assign tasks to team members, the ability to track billable hours, and the ability to generate invoices.

QuickBooks Time

QuickBooks Time—previously known as TSheets—is another great option for attorneys. It allows employees to integrate. It is simple to use and offers several features specific to the legal industry. For example, QuickBooks Time can track your time spent in court, on the phone, or in meetings. It can automatically generate invoices based on your time records.

QuickBooks Time software
The screenshot is taken from QuickBooks Time

Additionally, QuickBooks Time integrates with several popular accounting software programs to easily track your invoices and payrolls. This makes billing and tracking your time a breeze, so you can focus on what's important—your clients.

Due Time Tracking

Due Time Tracking software
The screenshot is taken from Due

Due software was created to help freelancers and firms precisely evaluate how long it takes to execute project work for clients. Additionally, it offers team managers insight into how team members utilize their time and ensures that labor laws are followed. 

Time Analytics

Time Analytics software
The screenshot is taken from Time Analytics

Time Analytics is an excellent solution for attorneys since it is mainly built to track efficiency. This legal practice management software is simple to use and includes several features that assist attorneys in preparing detailed timesheets. You may also use it to keep track of your lawyer's billable hours and enhance the profitability of your project by reducing unproductive hours using the timesheets.


ClickUp is well-known for its project management abilities but does not limit its capabilities. It allows you to view your billable hours law firm data. The software makes it easy to see how many billable hours an attorney has worked on a case and how much time you have left. This way, you can accurately estimate how much your case will cost.

ClickUp software
The screenshot is taken from ClickUp

Most importantly, ClickUp integrates with your existing law practice management software. This way, you can keep all of your data in one place. Plus, you can customize reports to meet your specific billable hour requirements.

The Must-Know Numbers To Grow Your Law Firm with Ryan Kimler, Net Profit CFO, in the Podcast Series

In the podcast episode, Sasha and Ryan Kimler discuss the differences between bookkeepers, accountants, and CFOs, emphasizing the importance of hiring a CFO even for small law firms with less than $2 million in revenue. They highlight that many lawyers lack financial knowledge, and Ryan suggests improving profitability by evaluating billing, maintaining payroll expenses at 40% of revenue, and keeping four to six months of expenses in reserve to ensure a high return on investment per attorney.

"To grow revenue and profit, you must evaluate how attorneys are billing and the ROI per attorney."
— Ryan Kimler
The Must-Know Numbers To Grow Your Law Firm with Ryan Kimler
Ryan Kimler

Ryan Kimler

The owner of Net Profit CFO

Ryan Kimler is a seasoned financial strategist with a knack for optimizing profitability in professional services, particularly within the legal sector. With a background in finance and extensive experience working with law firms of all sizes, Ryan specializes in evaluating billing practices, managing payroll expenses, and implementing strategies to maximize return on investment per attorney. His expertise extends to advising on financial reserves and ensuring sound financial health, making him a trusted resource for law firms seeking to enhance their bottom line. Ryan's dedication to improving financial outcomes for his clients has earned him a reputation as a reliable and insightful CFO within the legal industry.

Features to Look for When Choosing Billable Hours Software

When choosing billable hours software, you should consider your business type, needs, the app's usability, simplicity, budget, and features. 

There are some key features to consider:

  • A user-friendly interface that is reliable and secure. 
  • A system that allows you to track time accurately, with customizable input options and easy-to-read reports.
  • The software offers customer service support if you have questions or need help using the program. 
  • The ability to manage multiple projects at once and assign tasks to specific individuals or teams. 
  • Automated reminders and notifications can help ensure deadlines are met and invoices are sent out on time. 
  • A solution that integrates with other software platforms, such as payroll or accounting systems, so all your data is in one place.

Tracking Billable Hours

Joshua Lennon highlights the challenges attorneys face in properly tracking billable hours and maximizing revenue. This article explored how tools like Clio, Asana, QuickBooks Time, and ClickUp enable efficient time-tracking, billing, and invoicing. Their features provide full visibility of work performed, accounting program integrations, and customized reporting functions. With the right solution, attorneys can recoup non-billable time spent on busy work instead of generating income.

As Lennon articulated, implementing strategies to streamline operations is key for law firms looking to scale profitably in today's competitive landscape. To build your client base and secure future business, consulting with a high-performance law firm SEO agency is critical. For more strategies to increase your revenue and decrease waste, contact the legal marketing specialists at Grow Law Firm.


  • How Many Lawyer Billable Hours Should There Be?

    The number of billable hours for lawyers can vary depending on the firm, the practice area, and the individual lawyer's workload. However, as a general rule, lawyers should aim to bill at least 1,800 hours annually, equivalent to 40 hours per week. This number is even suitable for attorneys fresh out of law school since they are used to the system. Lawyers need to find a balance that allows them to effectively serve their clients while managing their workload and maintaining work-life balance.

  • Should You Outsource Non-Billable Hours?

    Yes, you should. Outsourcing non-billable tasks like marketing, IT support, and financial services can free up attorney time spent on revenue-generating work. It can offer several benefits, such as increased efficiency, cost savings, access to specialized expertise, and improved productivity. It allows lawyers to delegate time-consuming tasks to professionals who can handle them more efficiently, allowing the lawyers to focus on their legal practice and client service.


Streamlined.legal Website - https://www.clio.com/partnerships/certified-consultants/find-a-ccc/streamlinedlegal/

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